The State and Federal government provide a broad set of programs that reach multiple populations and have numerous different components. The programs play a vital role in the lives of many Rhode Islanders, and, at the same time, represent one of the primary drivers of the State budget. Reforming systems so that these services are delivered in the most effective and efficient manner will be one of Rhode Island’s most significant challenges in the future. RIPEC research provides essential data on the structure and funding of these programs, changes at the federal level that will affect Rhode Island policy, and program monitoring updates. RIPEC also periodically conducts demographic analyses that help inform policymakers and taxpayers about socio-economic trends in the State and how these trends may affect program need and spending patterns in the near future.